The yakka tribe an indigenous community in ancient Sri Lanka who sought refuge in forest areas of the country in the face of the expansion of the Orient civilization in the fifth century BC. It is believe that today’s Veddas community is the posterity of those people. Hunting is the major livelihood of the Vedda community. They can also be able as hunter-gatherers. The Veddas practice a culture of the dead. They worship and make incantations to their relative spirit called Nayaka. Believe the relative spirits help them to hunt and gather their food.
They offer a portion of what they have hunted to the spirits. They produce dried meat as a means of preserving food. The Vedda community used to live in caves in ancient times. They veered towards constructing their homes in forest areas at a later stage. These were subsequently call Vedi gammana (trapper village)/ (Veddas village).
Turned to the agriculture| Vedda tribe
At present Veddas have turned to agriculture. They are quite reluctant to embrace all the new trends and give up their heritage in the face of huge transformations. Their lifestyles are simple and one with nature. The Vedda community is found in several parts of the island. While a majority are condense in the Dhabana area. That dedication to protecting their cultural identity has brought them much attention from the outer world. There’s a complete range of customs in jungle life. The jungle is a life. We are oblige to respect the jungle as we are nurture by the environment itself.
Variga gedara (Tribe home) is a wonderful place that teaches the people how to live with the environment harmoniously. You can read the history of the Vedda community and their lifestyle at the Variga gedara. Kiri koraha ritual is an identical cultural practice of the Vedda community. It has enthralled many visitors to Dhabana. The protection of this land would not benefit only us. Every being including small creatures has the right to lead them in a healthy and protected environment. This interesting Aboriginal community is one of the most precious national assets of Sri Lanka.
Since the opening of colonization plans, Vedda entombments changed when they burrowed graves of 4–5 feet down and wrapped the body wrapped fabric and secured it with leaves and earth. The Veddas additionally laid the body between the scooped out trunks of the gadumba tree before they covered it. At the top of the grave were kept three open coconuts and a little heap of wood, while at its foot were keep an open coconut and an immaculate coconut. Certain desert plant species (pathok) were plant at the head, the center, and the foot. Individual belongings like the bow and bolt, betel pocket, were additionally covered. This training shifted by the network. The substance of the betel pocket of the perished was eaten after his passing.
Cult of the dead
The Veddas practice a religion of the dead. They adored and made chants to their Nae Yakka (Relative Spirit) trailed by another standard custom (called the Kiri Koraha) which is still stylish among the enduring Gam Veddas of Rathugala, Pollebedda Dambana and the Henanigala Vedda re-settlement (in Mahaweli frameworks off Mahiyangane).
They accepted that the soul of their dead would frequent them delivering illnesses and catastrophes. To assuage the dead soul they conjure the gifts of the Nae Yakka and different spirits, as Bilinda Yakka, Kande Yakka followed by the move custom of the Kiri Koraha.
As per Sarasin Cousins (in 1886) and Seligmann’s book – ‘The Veddas’ (1910).
At the point when man or lady passes on from ailment, the body is left in the cavern or rock cover were the demise occur, the body isn’t wash or dress or ornament in any capacity, yet is, for the most part, permit to be in the normal recumbent position and is secure with leaves and branches. This was once the all-inclusive custom and still endures among the less refine Veddas who now and again moreover place an enormous stone upon the chest for which no explanation could be given, this is seen at Sitala Wanniya (off Polle-bedda near Maha Oya), where the body is as yet secure with branches and left where the demise occurred.
Until genuinely ongoing occasions, the clothing of the Veddas was astoundingly inadequate. On account of men, it comprised distinctly of an undergarment suspended with a string at the midsection, while on account of ladies, it was a bit of fabric that stretched out from the navel to the knees. Today, in any case, Vedda clothing is all the more covering, men wear a short sarong stretching out from the midriff to the knees, while the ladies clad themselves in a piece of clothing like the Sinhala diya-redda which reaches out from the bosom line to the knees.
A few onlookers have said Veddas are vanishing and have mourned the decrease of their particular culture. Land securing for mass water system ventures, government woods hold limitations, and the common war has upset conventional Vedda lifestyles. Somewhere in the range of 1977 and 1983 under the Accelerate Mahaweli Development Project and colonization plans, around 51468 hectares were transforme into an enormous hydroelectric dam water system extends Subsequently, the production of the Maduru Oya National Park denied the Veddhas their last chasing grounds. In 1985, the Veddha Chief Thissahamy and his appointment were discourage from going to the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations. Dr. Wiveca Stegeborn, an anthropologist, has been examining the Vedda since 1977 and claims that their young ladies are being fool into tolerating agreements to the Middle East as local specialists when in reality they will be dealt into prostitution or sold as sex slaves.
In any case, the social digestion of Veddas with other neighborhood populaces has been continuing for quite a while. “Vedda” has been utilize in Sri Lanka to mean tracker finders as well as to allude to any individuals who receive a disrupte and provincial lifestyle and therefore can be a disdainful term not founded on the ethnic gathering. Therefore, after some time, it is workable for non-Vedda gatherings to become Veddas, in this expansive social sense. Vedda populaces of this sort are expanding in a certain locale.